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What Actually Happens if You Give Yourself a Tapeworm to Lose Weight?

Having a tapeworm isn't the bargain with the devil you think it is. It's hard to find a live one, the side effects are beyond nightmarish and they don't even make you lose weight.
Illustration by Johann Gottfried Brakeman, 1830

Last week, Metro reported that Khloe Kardashian publicly admitted to wanting to put a tapeworm inside herself. Her half-sister Kylie Jenner is reported to have balked at the idea, to which Kardashian replied, "Do you know how skinny you get? I googled it to see if I could really have one."

In her search, she probably would have found Tapewormeggs.com, a shady Russian website that I would expect to see in a comedy sketch about buying a tapeworm. "PLAY PRETTY GOOD JOKE ON FRIENDS," it suggests. The worms sold there cost $34 and come with instructions: "Use promptly on arrival by applying to salad or uncooked food."

Annoncering

The idea behind putting a parasite inside you on purpose is that it will live inside your digestive tract and gobble up calories from the cheeseburgers and cake you keep eating, but saying a tapeworm will help you lose weight is like saying a knife wound in your throat will ease your sleep apnea—it might have the intended effect, but it's also a terrible, terrible idea.

In 2012, Io9 dug up a horrific case of an Indian woman vomiting out a pair of tapeworms. Not only are the little critters gross, they can cause malnutrition and anemia—and, according to parasitologist and leading tapeworm researcher, Dr. Ana Flisser, they won't even guarantee you lose weight.

"That's totally, fully wrong," she told me. There are a number of different sorts of tapeworms, including two kinds found in livestock that seem to have evolved to live in the human digestive system: one typically found in pigs, and one typically found in cows. If the Russian website is offering to send you the eggs of the one found in cows, she said, you can't even get a tapeworm that way—the eggs would die off in transit. As for the one found in pigs, she explained, "if you eat it with a salad, you will get cysticercosis."

Cysticercosis is just an absolute nightmare—that's when immature tapeworms infect the tissue of parts of your body other than your digestive tract. Often, they get into your brain and forming cysts. That can cause seizures, eye damage, cognitive defects and fluid around your brain, Flisser said.

Annoncering

An old article in The Veterinary Record lists other disgusting symptoms, including something called "discharge of proglottides," which is described as, "a sensation in the rectum, followed by a discharge of the segments through the anus, and then a crawling sensation in the perianal region." The article details a case study in which a minister "had to bring his sermon abruptly to a close when five feet of tapeworm segments slipped down one of his trouser legs." The article goes on to note that only 21 percent of tapeworm patients lost weight.

Flisser told me it's "very difficult to find" the kind of tapeworm that lives in your intestine and helps you lose weight (you'd have to eat fresh raw steak, basically), but there is another sort of tapeworm, called Hymenolepis, that in some cases can help you lose weight in a terrible, terrible way: it gives you diarrhoea.

Giving oneself diarrhoea to lose weight is a symptom of an eating disorder, and doing so can be deadly. Googling it took me to some very unsettling messageboards where I found that one way people accomplish this is by eating a bunch of probiotic sour milk products like Activia, since they're full of bacteria.

Those sorts of weight-loss methods are extremely dangerous and if you're thinking about them you should look for help.

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