Here's How New York Hospitals Could Decide Who Gets a Ventilator — and Who Doesn't

VICE News spoke with Dr. Tia Powell, a physician and bioethicist who helped write the guidelines.
March 20, 2020, 1:37pm

NEW YORK -- As the number of COVID-19 cases surges in New York state, hospitals are starting to prepare for the very real possibility of running out of lifesaving equipment for the most critically ill.

In northern Italy, one of the hardest-hit regions in the world, doctors have reported shortages of ventilators for COVID-19 patients, and an Italian medical society even issued guidelines on how to prioritize those needing intensive care.


New York state has its own plan for how to ration ventilators during a pandemic. In 2015, the state’s Task Force on Life and Law, which operates under the Department of Health, published a 266-page document with voluntary guidelines for hospitals.

According to the report, there are an estimated 8,991 ventilators in New York, including emergency stockpiles. At any given time, an estimated 85% of non-stockpile ventilators are already in use for other acute-care patients. (Stockpile refers to the government's emergency supply.)

The 2015 report estimated that in the event of a severe pandemic, like the 1918 flu, the state projected that more than 18,000 ventilators would be needed simultaneously during the peak week of the outbreak. That means a shortfall of more than 15,000.

New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo has an even higher estimate. On Thursday, he told CNN that the state will need about 30,000 ventilators in total.

So how would hospitals decide who gets a ventilator and who doesn’t? VICE News spoke with Dr. Tia Powell, a physician and bioethicist who helped write the guidelines, about New York’s plan and the ethical framework that drives it.