Goats are smart. Some are even well-equipped enough to scale mountain peaks. And because of that, they're kind of a pain in the ass to capture if you ever have to move them for conservation efforts.
That means that conservationists, like the ones in this video from National Geographic, have to come up with more creative ways of making sure the goats don't overpopulate in any particular ecosystem.
The piece shows how conservationists from the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources are using helicopters to capture mountain goats. They fly in, use a net gun to entangle the animals, and then blindfold them and tie up their hooves so they can't move.
This strategy is a bit more effective than tranquilizing them because tranquilizer effects aren't instantaneous. They can take up to five minutes to kick in, which means it's entirely possible they could doze off a cliffside. And of course, there's the issue of getting people up to higher altitudes in the first place.
After recovering the goats, conservationists check for injuries, grab samples, and deposit them in a different region where they'll be less of an ecological hassle.