Four of those arrested, including the children, had been released only after paying the KFS bribes of 500 Kenyan shillings each for the children, and 2000 shillings for the elders.
It's hard to see how these policies conserve the forest
But mounting evidence shows that this billion dollar industry that has mushroomed in the wake of warnings of climate calamity has resulted in an acceleration of land grabs in poor, less developing countries.
The billion-dollar carbon trading industry is accelerating land grabs in poor countries
"It is unacceptable for carbon trading schemes to result in forced evictions and increased food insecurity," said Oakland Institute policy director Frederic Mousseau, "while delivering little to no improvement on access to health, sanitation, and education."Oakland Institute's findings are backed up other academic studies. A new paper in the Elsevier journal Geoforum by Connor Cavanagh, research fellow at the World Agroforestry Centre in Nairobi, highlights how a separate carbon offset initiative at Mount Elgon National Park in Uganda not only failed dismally to reforest the conservation area as proposed, but generated protracted land rights conflicts in which "the uncompensated dispossession of local residents was a necessary precondition for the project's implementation."In all such cases, the imperative to "conserve" existing forests or establish new tree plantations in unforested land is systematically encroaching on the lives of longstanding indigenous communities. Local inhabitants of conservation areas are seen as inherently problematic for conservation goals—and therefore legitimate targets for violent expulsion.
It is unacceptable for carbon trading schemes to result in forced evictions and food insecurity
Under NRMP, the World Bank has provided $64 million dollars to the KFS to oversee the programme's implementation between 2007 and 2013. Every year of that period, bar 2012, has seen the KFS execute brutal mass evictions of the Sengwer from forest conservation areas.The Bank's conservation scheme with the KFS was directly linked to the UN's Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD). Under REDD, companies in the developed world purchase carbon credits to to conserve or grow forests, registering as carbon reductions on companies balance sheets. This largely allows companies to accelerate pollution while purchasing land and resources in the developing world at bargain prices.
Since 2007, the Sengwer have suffered brutal mass evictions in the name of forest conservation