The Photos Challenging What a Muslim Woman Should Look Like

Catching up with Canadian photographer Alia Youssef at her first exhibition of 'The Sisters Project.'
September 14, 2018, 1:37pm
All photos by Alia Youssef

This article originally appeared on VICE Canada.

When Alia Youssef was in the tenth grade, for one of her first real art projects, she depicted a Muslim woman looking at herself in the mirror happily and another image showing a black and white image showing a silent Muslim woman with paint over her mouth. The first was titled The way I see me, the other titled The way you see me.

“Even when I was in my young teens, I felt like some sort of need to use my art to share a different reality,” she told VICE.


It wasn’t until years later that the Canadian portrait photographer would start The Sisters Project: It is her way of trying to change the way Muslim women are viewed.

Youssef traveled to 12 cities across the country and photographed 85 Muslim women to see them in their communities, their homes, or at their jobs, with the intention of showing the world how they see themselves.

We caught up with Youssef during her first exhibition at the Ryerson Image Centre for The Sisters Project and to talk about her experience of immersing herself in the community.

VICE: How was the opening on Wednesday?
Alia Youssef: It was pretty good! We saw 400 people come through. I had a lot of positive responses from people I didn’t know who somehow found out about the project. I felt very supported and a lot of love.

When did you first start to think about the idea for this project?
It started a year and a half ago in the fourth year of my undergrad. I was taking a class called women in Islam. Being a Muslim woman, surrounded by a lot of Muslim women we were talking a lot about present-day representation. One day, one of the women said ‘I’m so tired of being painted with the same brush stroke, as every other Muslim woman’ and I think it was something that I’d been thinking about as well. Also, since I’m a portrait photographer I think it just kind of set a light bulb off.

How did it all lead to this?
So I did it as a thesis project for school and then while I was still in school it got popular. Somehow the parliament of Canada found out. So when I graduated I had already established that people were passionate about the project and I continued working on it. I realized I was showing a lot of women from Vancouver and Toronto, but my statement said that it was a project about Canadian Muslim women, so I felt like it was time to get some other perspectives, and other experiences from Muslim women that weren't just in some of the “biggest cities” in Canada.


What is the false stereotype you’re hoping to addresses?
I feel like growing up mostly post 9/11, there were two images of how Muslim women specifically were depicted in the media. The first one was, well really is an invisibility of Muslim women. There weren’t ever really stories of how successful or exciting—really any positive stories coming out about Muslim women. So that left the only other depiction that you really ever saw, which was ones of trauma, ones of grief, from those from abroad, depicting war-affected areas or were talking about clothing, the only real stories you see about Muslim women are where she's’ the victim, she’s silent, she’s not in control, or we’re talking about her clothes. Not in Teen Vogue, not in television, not in movies. I think all of that really played a part in how I felt about myself growing up, how I felt about being Muslim myself because it definitely affected me in a bad way because I thought people would only assume the negative stereotypes on me.

How did you find the women in every city you went to?
That’s a great question: Facebook mostly. I used social media to help me find these women. Canada’s quite small in the way that people are connected. And then of course when I got to the cities themselves people would be like, ‘oh you’re for sure photographing this person, right?’ and then I’d be like… ‘no?’ and they’d say, ‘let me connect you!’ So once I actually got to the city a lot of people would advocate for people I didn’t know about in their community. I was really overwhelmed by the kindness. Even though it was really daunting to do this by myself, I really found my subjects were my biggest supporters and helped in whatever way they could.


You have this really unique perspective now that you’ve met these women across the country. Is there anything that you’ve learned from Canada’s Muslim women community as a whole?
I’ve learned so many things that I’m still processing. But speaking to the similarities between all of them, I think all of them are really on the same page as me. I guess the people who joined the project are believers in the message of the project, meaning that they all feel the weight of the stereotype in their own cities one way or another. I really felt like a lot of people, despite where they were in Canada, or how big or small the city was, there’s a lot of advocates for the Muslim community and I think Muslim women in general are super involved—it really feels like everyone is volunteering or working with some organization to try to better their own community or try to better Muslim women’s experiences in Canada, so that was something that really struck me.

This interview was edited for length and clarity.

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