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“Hosts can see an indicator in the participant panel of a meeting or webinar if an attendee does not have Zoom Desktop Client or Mobile App in focus for more than 30 seconds,” the company said. “‘In focus’ means the user has the Zoom meeting view is open [sic] and active.” The company’s website is quick to note that the program doesn’t track users using video or audio technologies, though Zoom did not respond to a request for comment seeking more information on how the feature works. Zoom has previously promoted the feature as a way for educators to keep tabs on inattentive students. “Whether it’s a video, a powerpoint, or your desktop, if Zoom is not the app in focus on a student’s computer you will see a clock indicator next to their name in the Participant box,” the company said. “It may also be helpful to let your students know that you will be grading this metric,” Zoom explained. “In the virtual classroom, anything you can do as educators to facilitate engagement and attention will translate to continued success in the classroom.”
Guidance from schools such as the University of Florida advises teachers to not use the feature to impact student grades, given it only works if participants use version 4.0 or higher, often doesn’t work when users use Zoom in a browser (as opposed to an app), and may conflict with some existing university platforms. Journalists and Twitter users were quick to note that the feature creates a scenario whereby you could be penalized by an employer for doing job-related things, such as checking your notes or updating a memo during an important meeting.
Zoom was the subject of a privacy complaint by the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) last year, alleging that "Zoom intentionally designed its web conferencing service to bypass browser security settings and remotely enable a user's web camera without the knowledge or consent of the user." Given the lack of any meaningful internet-era privacy laws in most of the US (except California), your right to be informed on the scope of Zoom’s data collection may vary. Newly homebound users interested in more robust privacy practices (or apps that don’t track and penalize your inattention) may want to consider alternatives, assuming they’re available.