LGBTQ in Asia
When he's not on stage, David works as a professional make-up artist. All images by the author.

What It's Like to Be Illegally Gay in Myanmar

“My father was always trying to make an enemy out of me... He hated me for being gay."

For David Morona, being gay in Myanmar meant being kicked out of the family home. Born in a small village near the border of Myanmar and India, David explains that he always knew he didn’t fit the stereotypes around masculinity. From an early age, he knew he was gay, but tried to hide it from his family.

“My father was always trying to make an enemy with me," he says matter-of-factly. "He would beat me the most, even though I did nothing wrong. He hated me for being gay.”


When the hatred and violence didn't work, David's father started asking older men to take him out to bars—which, of course, didn't work either. "They hoped that would make me a man like them,” he says, but explains he only learned how to drink and smoke.

Finally, after the fighting with his father became unbearable, David decided to move to the country's largest city, Yangon, where he discovered a community in which he could be himself.


David puts on makeup in his home before going to PRIDE.

I'm watching him prepare for Yangon’s PRIDE week. In a country where over 70 percent of people are practicing Buddhists and relatively conservative, the festival is one of the nation's very few platforms for the LGBT community. This year the Yangon city government gave permission for public events to be held in one of the largest parks downtown. And in this way, the festival wasn’t just a space for queer people to come together and celebrate their identity, but also for wider Myanmar society to come and show their support.

pride yangon

This year was the second time a public event was permitted to be held for PRIDE week, celebrating the LGBT community.

For David, performing at PRIDE marks a happy moment in a long journey. After moving to Yangon, he got a job selling makeup and working as a makeup artist. “At first I would look at performers from under the stage and dream of being up there, but I didn’t dare,” he recounts. Then he got his first on-stage break in drag three years ago at a gay bar.

"My first performance was very nerve-racking," he says. "My knees were shaking and my heart was skipping beats.”


These days you’d never guess Morona gets nervous on stage. He carefully contours his nose and then shimmies his platinum blonde wig to sit straight on his scalp, its fringe just brushing his eyelash extensions. David doesn’t settle for a light dusting of foundation: it’s stage makeup or nothing. Then he struts confidently in his nine-and-a-half inch heels—although admits he tapes his feet so that they feel like space boots, rather than heels.

pride yangon

Performers take the stage in Yangon. This year was the second time a public event was permitted to be held for PRIDE week, celebrating the LGBT community.

Anyone coming out in Myanmar faces enormous cultural and social barriers at every turn. According to traditional interpretations of Buddhism, homosexuality is "unnatural" and therefore a source of bad karma. It's also criminalised under section 377 of the Penal Code, which is a law that's rarely used, although its very existence illustrates how the LGBT community continues to be marginalised.

For David, performing in drag means an opportunity to leave this kind of fear and judgment behind. Putting on a wig and dressing as his idol Lady Gaga allows David to become a new character of his choosing. “I've stopped caring [about the negative comments]. When I drag up as Lady Gaga on stage I don’t hear those negative comments anymore,” he says, while Gaga’s song Poker Face plays in the background on repeat. “To me she is perfect, all her imperfections shows it’s okay to be a little crazy."

pride yangon

Later, I watch David perform onstage to Poker Face to around 12,000 people on PRIDE's opening night. It's a passionate, powerful show, and the audience cheers.

As he comes off stage, recoiling a rope he used as a prop during the performance, his wig sparkles beneath lights, along with his teeth in a wide grin. Then when I ask what he hopes for the future, he sighs:

“I just want people to accept others who are different. It’s not nice when people make really harsh comments. When I drag I am no longer the shy person I normally am, then on stage people don’t know who I am. I only hear the applause.”

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