Coronavirus Updates Canada: Travellers Could Face $1M Fine, Jail Time If They Don't Self-Isolate

The Quarantine Act came into effect at midnight on Wednesday night, making it a legal obligation for all travellers returning home to self-isolate for two weeks.
Police officer in surgical mask
In an effort to stymie spread of the novel coronavirus, the federal government says it will keep track of travellers returning to Canada to ensure they remain in quarantine. Photo by Andre Pichette/EPA

The federal government invoked the Quarantine Act at midnight on Wednesday night, making every traveller returning to Canada legally obligated to stay at home for two weeks.

Under the act, travellers who choose to “willfully or recklessly” disobey the order could face steep fines of up to $1 million and up to three years of jail time, or both, “if they cause “risk of imminent death or seriously bodily harm to another person.”


Deputy Prime Minister Chrystia Freeland didn’t offer details about how the act will be enforced, but noted that Canadians crossing the border into the country will be flagged, and their contact information will be recorded.

Essential workers are excluded from the order and will be allowed to return to work as soon as they arrive in Canada, Freeland said.

The announcement follows several reports of Canadians who returned home from abroad and chose not to self-isolate for two weeks—the incubation period of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19).

According to public health officials, self-isolation requires people to stay at home at all times, avoid inviting others into the house, and to keep at least 2 metres distance from others if living in a shared space.

Canada’s Minister of Health, Patty Hajdu, said people who have just returned to Canada are not allowed to use public transportation and should not self-isolate alongside people who are vulnerable to serious COVID-19 cases, such as the elderly.

Random screenings will be used to determine whether recent travellers are following the law and staying home, Hajdu said.

Government officials have consistently urged recent travellers to quarantine but Wednesday’s announcement turned the recommendation into a legal obligation.

Community transmission on the rise

Travel no longer accounts for the vast majority of new COVID-19 cases, several reports found.

Community transmission, cases of the virus that have either been contracted locally or have no known source, has ramped up. As of Monday, 44 percent of all Canadian cases contracted right here at home.


As cases continue to climb, Canada’s top medical official, Dr. Theresa Tam, has shifted the way Canadians should refer to precautionary measures. Namely, social distancing.

Tam said she will now refer to distancing measures as “physical distancing,” and encouraged Canadians to continue to socialize virtually.

You can find more updates from March 26here.

Known cases in Canada near 3,500

As of Thursday morning, Canada had nearly 3,500 confirmed or probable cases of COVID-19, with 35 recorded deaths. In B.C. nine long-term care homes have been linked to outbreaks resulting in 14 deaths—the most in the country. Every province as well as the Yukon and Northwest Territories are affected and in a state of emergency. Nunavut, which restricted movement in and out of its borders on Monday, is the only region in Canada without a reported COVID-19 case. Here is the breakdown of confirmed or probable COVID-19 cases across Canada:

British Columbia: 662

Alberta: 419

Saskatchewan: 86

Manitoba: 35

Ontario: 688

Quebec: 1,339

Newfoundland and Labrador: 67

New Brunswick: 26

Nova Scotia: 68

Prince Edward Island: 5

Yukon: 3

Northwest Territories: 1

Nunavut: 0

Tam said a second wave of COVID-19 is possible in the country, when a new case of the virus is diagnosed after a sustained period of time with no new recorded infections.

There are more than 410,000 known COVID-19 cases globally, with more than 18,000 deaths.

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