Nearly 3,000 rape kits in Virginia had never been tested, but then the state took it seriously.
Legal experts and advocates say evidence from an at-home rape kit wouldn't be admissible in court.
Fewer than 14 percent of emergency rooms in the U.S. have professionals trained to gather evidence.
Investigators determined that out of the 86 rape exams the hospital had conducted between January 2015 and February 2017, 85 were improperly billed for. Some of those cases even went to collections.
New York has no statute of limitations for reporting rape—but public hospitals are only required to keep rape kits for 30 days. Because of this loophole, advocates say, victims still have an unfairly small window for seeking justice.
Though the state already sets aside funds for rape kit exams, the Colorado Supreme Court ruled that convicted assailants can be charged for costs associated with the tests.
A new study that examines the medical bills incurred by privately insured women who received emergency room care for rape offers a snapshot of just how expensive sexual assault can be.
The university had been sharply criticized for how it handled reports of sexual assault.
The bill, which now awaits President Obama's signature, eliminates costs associated with rape kit exams and ensures that rape kits must be preserved for 20 years or the statute of limitations.
The vice president, who has long been an outspoken advocate against sexual violence, addressed a "broken" culture that allows rape and rapists to continue while silencing survivors.