Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia
The country's FARC rebels have promised to quit the drug trade, but other groups are ready and waiting to take control.
The biggest hurdle is obtaining public support for the peace agreement in a referendum to be held on October 2, with polls hinting that a Brexit-style upset is possible.
The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, is one of the few remaining remnants of the wave of Marxist-inspired Latin American guerrilla armies that swelled during the Cold War.
Peace talks between the government and the FARC rebels now seem certain to produce a final accord ending half a century of conflict.
The ceasefire commits the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, to completely demobilize within six months of the signing of one more accord — the final peace deal — that is expected very soon.
The government's decision to publicly blame the ELN for the disappearance of a Spanish correspondent and two Colombian TV journalists effectively rules out an advance in promised peace talks with the rebels. The ELN has yet to respond.
After a flare-up in violence, the latest announcement from the peace talks in Havana suggests the hemisphere's longest war might nearly be over.
Colombia is reintegrating former Marxist rebels and paramilitary members — some of them drug runners, kidnappers, and worse — into traditional society by treating them as victims, not criminals.
FARC guerrillas released an army general and two other hostages, paving the way for peace negotiations to resume and potentially bring an end to Colombia's 50-year civil war.
The contest was seen as a referendum on the Santos government’s push to end a decades-long conflict with the rebel army known as the FARC.
Sunday's presidential runoff election may determine whether the country's brutal 50-year insurgency finally comes to an end.