VICE feed for https://www.vice.comenTue, 18 Dec 2018 15:00:00 +0000<![CDATA[When The Guggenheim Offered Donald Trump a Golden Toilet]]>, 18 Dec 2018 15:00:00 +0000January is a very slow month for the art world, but this year it started with a bang, when Guggenheim curator Nancy Spector wrote a letter to the White House after they requested the loan of a Van Gogh, which was part of a collection that does not leave the museum. She declined and offered instead Maurizio Cattelan's America, which is a gold toilet. I don’t think the White House responded, nor did they accept it—and that’s not surprising, although you’d think Trump would like shiny, gold things.

When America was at the Guggenheim, I lined up and went to see it, and I thought it was typical of Maurizio Cattelan: it’s filled with humor and it’s daring and controversial. The work itself is such a preposterous piece. It’s referencing Duchamp’s Fountain, which, when it was first shown, was so controversial as well—I like that the piece is citing something that was also extremely extra.

Watch: What Made The Da Vinci Painting Worth $450 Million

The fact that Nancy Spector, a very esteemed curator, had the balls to offer it to the White House was also totally extra. I don’t want to say that she was trolling the White House. It's a very precious work of art; it’s made out of 18-carat solid gold; It is by a very renowned, legitimate, celebrated artist. It was installed at one of the world’s greatest museums. If you take all of that into consideration, it can be seen as a sincere counter-offer, given that the Van Gogh was not available. But the letter is very tongue-in-cheek; you can really read between the lines.

The work itself wasn’t controversial in terms of its political context until Nancy Spector offered it to the White House. Superficially, it’s a toilet; it’s about people do with a toilet. And the good thing about that is that it’s a piece for everyone. Anyone who goes into the museum can use it, very much like the White House is the peoples’ house. I like that democratic analogy, and I think the gesture made it so much more captivating as a story.

Spector ultimately had to apologize: there were a lot of people who thought it was not her place to voice her own political opinion when she represents the museum. But I don’t think there was anything wrong with that. I think it was brilliant. Thank God for freedom of speech and social media, for Twitter. It can go both ways, but at the best of times, it can be used to spread messages that could change all our thoughts for the better.

And I think the White House can certainly use some good art, too.

This article originally appeared on GARAGE.

8xpd8zEd TangErin SchwartzRachel TashjianArtGuggenheimMaurizio Catellanmost extra
<![CDATA[10 Questions You Always Wanted To Ask a Philippine-Born Freemason]]>, 18 Dec 2018 14:00:00 +0000Surrounded by secrecy, if you know about Freemasons at all, it's probably of their reputation as a shadowy powerful group that's somehow quietly ruling the world, with supposed connections to the Illuminati. Auckland rapper and Freemason Rich James sees it very differently. It is a tradition dating back to England in the 1700s, he says. A fraternity. A place where men can come together, access Masonic teachings, and undergo a spiritual journey using the Masonic system of degrees, which are earned through ceremony and a process that’s designed to enlighten people through knowledge. Rich is a third degree Master Mason which took him a year to achieve. He says today, the secretive part about Masonry is the knowledge they share within the fraternity. It’s used as part of their ceremonial processes and treated as sacred because, he says, fidelity is an important virtue.

At 28, Rich says Masonry gives him a framework and example of how to be a man and how to do it well. Born in Pasay City, Manila, in a section he calls the slums, he spent the first 10 years of his life in Auckland, living in fear of deportation because his adoption was a private one. His Kiwi mom knew someone who knew someone in the Philippines who wanted to put their son up for adoption.

“There were like social workers coming round to check on us and like lawyers in the picture and as a kid with a real inquisitive mind I'd always be trying to figure this out and mom would always be quite open with what was going on," he said.

Two years ago, around the same time that he found his blood siblings on Facebook, he also decided to become a Freemason. “When I found them all on the internet it really did help me, because at that point in life I was beginning to be a lot stronger in myself and I was able to just deal with my feelings and thoughts around being adopted and all of that a lot better.”


Can people from all religions be involved?
You do have to believe in a deity. It doesn't have to be a prescribed religion but you do as a person have to be at the point in your life where you do believe in something greater because our understanding and search and quest for that is what connects us. That faith aspect—faith means different things to different people so we can’t dictate what your faith should be, but through Freemasonry we can be guided to explore our faith further.

Why is it only for men?
I really just think that goes down to how it has been. In England at the moment we have female-only Masonry, which the United Grand Lodge of England acknowledges, which is huge for Masons because within Freemasonry you’re only legitimately a Mason if your Grand Lodge is recognized by other Grand Lodges. So now what we’re going through in England is that the society just wrote it into the constitution that if someone who joins as a man goes through the gender-affirmation process and becomes a woman—they’re still a Freemason and you can't kick them out of your lodge. Then we also have in the States conflict between—what I'm noticing in the Southern states—is a few Grand Lodges are: one) not accepting gay people into Masonry and then, two) they’re not recognizing what's known as Prince Hall Masonry, which is the masonry that was set up during the slave era so African Americans could participate.

A good friend told me once that men learn from other men, and that resonated with me. Really my understanding of me as a man and how I can do that well came from examples of other men doing that well... I think mixed lodges—I think you'd really lose that room for the huge aspect of being able to help each other understand your uniquenesses. So for the record I'm very for all-female lodges and I think the future potentially holds that.

Follow Aleyna on Instagram.

This article originally appeared on VICE NZ.

zmdk8jAleyna MartinezJames BorrowdaleNEW ZEALANDfreemasons10 Questions You've Always Wanted to AskRich James
<![CDATA[Why Christmas Has Always Been About Sex]]>, 18 Dec 2018 13:30:00 +0000In this column, Sex in Our Strange World, sex historian Dr. Kate Lister, of Leeds Trinity University, explores the ways in which people from around the globe approach love, sex, and marriage.

Christmas is a sexy time of year. Having said that, I admit, watching aged relatives lapse into a post-turkey stupor, roused only by intermittent bursts of sprout-fueled flatulence, is a less-than-erotic scene. But, there is something undeniably sensual about the long winter nights, warm fires, mulled wine, and Die Hard repeats on TV. And what’s more, science can back me up on this one.

According to research at Indiana University, and the Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência in Portugal, our interest in sex peaks significantly around cultural or religious celebrations. This effect was noted around the world during their studies, and occurred largely during Christmas in Christian-majority countries, and during Eid-al-Fitr in Muslim-majority countries.

The scientists believe all this festive frolicking is down to the simple fact that we are generally in a better mood at this time of year. No other holiday in our calendar was found to have quite the rousing effect that Christmas does – not even Valentine’s Day.

A particularly hearty serving of risgrynsgröt. Photo: underthesun, via Flickr

In Greenland, husbands and wives swap traditional roles on Christmas Eve, and the husband spends the day waiting on his wife, who gets to rest before the big day itself. But swapping roles for Christmas has nothing on the Inuits, who used to swap partners as part of the winter solstice celebrations. When Christian missionaries turned up in the Arctic in the late nineteenth century to spoil all the fun, they were shocked to discover the Inuit festival of Quviasukvik that celebrated the sea goddess, Sedna. Anthologist Franz Boas gave a detailed description of what happens at the Inuit winter feast in 1888.

‘The [shaman] solemnly leads the men to a suitable spot and set them in a row, and the women in another opposite them. They match the men and women in pairs… where for the following day and night they live as man and wife (nulianititijung). Having performed this duty, the [shaman] stride down to the shore and invoke the good north wind, which brings fair weather, while they warn off the unfavorable south wind’.

Boas doesn’t give anymore detail than this, so sex is only implied, but it certainly sounds more fun than midnight mass and game of charades. As the Christian missionaries put the nutcrackers on the more carnal aspects of Quviasukvik celebrations, the tradition of swapping partners was the first thing to go. Today, Christmas in the Arctic looks a great deal like it does everywhere else, but with less swinging and more snow.

I could go on – believe me, I really could. Christmas fertility rites and love magic can be found in almost every culture that celebrates the winter solstice (which is most of them). The longest day of the year marks the return to spring, and the renewal of life. It’s no wonder we all start to feel a little frisky. Although most of our more overt fertility Christmas rituals have now been watered down into cute games, decorations, and festive food, make no mistake – Christmas is the sexiest time of the year. Now where’s that cockerel?

Dr. Kate Lister is a sex historian, author and lecturer at Leeds Trinity University. She also runs the blog Whores of Yore. Keep up with her on Twitter.

This article originally appeared on Amuse.

8xpb8aDr. Kate ListerKieran MorrisSexusaCzech RepublicScandinaviaitalyPolandPortugalBelarusSloveniaIrelandgreenlandadventureslovakiasex in our strange world
<![CDATA[Scientists Discover Upside-Down Lakes and Waterfalls At the Bottom of the Ocean]]>, 18 Dec 2018 13:30:00 +0000A weird wonderland of new ocean life has been discovered in the depths of the Gulf of California.

The otherworldly ecosystem was recently explored by scientists from the US and Mexico. Their expedition focused on a previously uncharted hydrothermal vent field—an area on the seafloor where volcanism has heated the water—in the Pescadero Basin near the Baja Peninsula.

Here, the team found holes in the seafloor “gushing high temperature fluids,” and steaming sediments “laden with orange-colored oil and the rotten-egg stink of sulfide. The researchers also captured footage of strange upside-down lakes and waterfalls, formed as superhot fluids poured out of a vent and pooled beneath the lip of an underwater cavern.

Oasisia and Riftia tube worms.
Oasisia and Riftia tube worms are common throughout the vent field. Image: Schmidt Ocean Institute

The more than 500 degree Fahrenheit waters around the hydrothermal vents were teeming with other species, too—tubeworms, anemones, and blue scale worms.

Thermophilic, or heat-loving, organisms are fascinating to scientists as they test the extreme limits of life on Earth. Also known as extremophiles, some deep sea creatures and their unique existences can provide an analog for possible life on other planets as well. Those which metabolize methane, for example, are key to the hunt for life on Mars and Enceladus where methane has been detected.

The Pescadero Basin was first discovered in 2015 by a Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institution expedition. This current expedition was led aboard the Schmidt Ocean Institute vessel Falkor.

This article originally appeared on Motherboard.

439pd3Sarah EmersonJordan PearsonMbariextremophilesdeep seahydrothermal ventsSchmidt Ocean Institutetay ujaapescadero basinjaich maabaja peninsulaocean expeditionnew ecosystem
<![CDATA[Discovering the Uniquely Infectious Mix of Gamelan and Drum and Bass]]>, 18 Dec 2018 13:02:17 +0000I recently stumbled upon a sonic experiment in cross-cultural collaboration that made me rethink the role traditional art forms can play in new music. On the last day of Playfreely, an annual festival of avant-garde music in Singapore, a two-hour collaboration took place between the indie duo .gif and a five-piece ensemble of gamelan musicians.

Pairing dark beats with the gamelan’s bell-like reverberations, the performance explored various genres such as ambient and shoe haze. But it was the combination of frenetic drum and bass against the gamelan’s rhythmic percussion and chimes that really blew my mind. As .gif let loose a storm of hard-hitting jungle behind the controllers, the gamelan players responded with a harmonious chorus of metallophones, hand drums, xylophones, bamboo flutes, and gongs—standard instruments in the centuries-old Indonesian orchestra.

You can hear a bit of the collaboration here:

Originally from Bali and Java, gamelan sometimes features a singer (or sindhèn), which in this case was the Beth Gibbons-esque vocals of .gif’s Weish. It was the perfect balance of ancient traditions and contemporary electronica.

It’s not the first time moody basslines have merged with the gamelan’s ethereal tinkling. Aphex Twin, Kode9, Squarepusher, and Four Tet have all been influenced by the spiritual sound but I’ve yet to hear a drum and bass producer incorporate it.

Singapore’s Playfreely festival, curated by local art rock pioneers The Observatory, has become a meaningful study on free improvisation over the years by bringing together musicians from different backgrounds to jam. For its most recent edition, it urged performers to reach a point “where boundaries coalesce and the present itself becomes the invisible"— a statement that pretty much sums up gamelan drum and bass.

Sadly, .gif hasn't posted a full video of their performance online, but you can still check out the duo's haunting brand of moody, pop-oriented electronic music below.

zmdk9wNisa KreemsJonathan VitMusicelectronic musicentertainmentSingaporeNew musicExperimental Musicdrum and bassgamelanGifPlayfreely
<![CDATA[This Tree Produces Psychedelic Art By Using Sensors to Monitor Its Own Health]]>, 18 Dec 2018 12:30:00 +0000Trees are nature’s record keepers. They document their lives through annual growth rings hidden behind their bark, and for those that know how to read this arboreal script, the rings tell a detailed story. They reveal insect infestations and disease, forest fires and droughts, and general climate conditions throughout the tree’s life.

If there are any trees left in the future, their rings will show how our species struggled to limit our carbon emissions and poisoned the Earth. Due to the timescales involved in climate change, its effects are difficult for humans to see on a day-to-day basis, but it will be clear enough in the annual record of the trees.

But what if there was a way to use the natural climate monitoring ability of trees to convey the urgency of climate change to ordinary people? This is the motivating idea behind Voice of Nature, an installation created by the Dutch environmental artist Thijs Biersteker.

Sensor attached to the tree
A sensor attached to the tree. Image: Thijs Biersteker

While Biersteker didn’t downplay the importance of environmental research occurring right now, he said his project is less about producing new scientific insights than figuring out how to communicate climate data in a way that makes sense to non-researchers.

As an example of what this looks like in practice, Biersteker recalled how during the installation of the artwork, there was a prolonged period without any rain.

“We asked if someone could water the tree, but everyone was busy,” Biersteker said. “Once we connected our moist level sensor to the tree and showed the data indicating the tree was thirsty, there was someone with a waterhose within 15 minutes. I think that was a good demonstration of how we trust data more than our eyes these days.”

This article originally appeared on Motherboard.

59v4zdDaniel OberhausJason Koeblerpollutionchinaclimateclimate changeChengduenvironmental artThijs BierstekerScitechVoices of NatureLight Up Bashu
<![CDATA[People Tell Us About Their First Sexual Experience After Transitioning]]>, 18 Dec 2018 12:00:00 +0000There are lots of milestones separating adolescence from adulthood, but few carry the same gravity as sex. Losing your virginity feels significant because it affirms how you feel about others, but also, crucially, how you feel about yourself. And for people who are transitioning, a first post-op sexual encounter can be even more about self-discovery, with ramifications that can be life changing.

Here, three people describe in their own words their first intimate experience after gender affirmation surgery. All have been lightly edited for brevity and clarity and just a warning, a following story contains references to sexual assault.

Anne-Marie* is 56 years old

I came out as transgender five years ago. My wife and I divorced shortly after. She felt betrayed and I couldn’t argue with that, because I had been keeping a part of me hidden to her, but also to myself.

I had sex reassignment surgery (SRS) two years ago. After I came out, things started to make sense and fall into place. Quickly. I knew SRS would be the only way I could truly live as myself and I felt as though I’d wasted enough of my life living as someone else. In the inevitable physical pain post–op, I found relief. This huge lie that I’d been carrying around my entire life had vanished. I didn’t have sex for a year after the surgery out of fear of the unknown and also guilt, I still loved my wife and sex with someone else felt like betrayal.

The first time I had sex post-op was a one-night stand—I’d never had one before! I was drinking a martini at a bar, by myself, and I got talking to the bartender. He was charming, attractive and definitely much younger than me. We went back to his house and had a lot of sex. I can’t remember ever having that much sex in my married life. It wasn’t that I hadn’t enjoyed it. I’d just always felt as though something wasn’t right within myself, like deep within my body and the way it functioned.

I’d always felt self–conscious during sex. But that night, I didn’t feel that at all. I felt confident and strong and as though I was in the right place. I heard myself asking for things I’d never thought about or wanted before, thoroughly enjoying my position in the sexual experience because plain and simple; I was the woman. That truth alone, turned me on more than I knew was possible and was a really affirming feeling. Life since that night has been increasingly more fulfilling. I’ve been dating people without limits, without hesitation, and without labels. By understanding my sexual desires, I understand myself better as a woman.

I don’t think I’d be here today if it wasn’t for the strong LGBTQ community present in today’s society and in the media. Visibility is so important, and we have to be the change we want to see in the world.


Isabel* is 32 years old

I knew the surgery was what I wanted from a young age, and I was excited to start dating post–op. I’d never enjoyed sex before because I didn’t like being treated like a boy, which is unavoidable if you’re naked and have a penis. I was a pretty boy and popular with girls, which often found me in sexual experiences that left me with immense guilt. I always knew that without a penis this guilt wouldn’t exist.

My first date after surgery was with this beautiful girl. She looked like a girl from my dreams; a blonde pixie cut, piercing blue eyes, and eyeliner thicker than Amy Winehouse’s. We sat in a picturesque bar and drank too much wine. I told her about my guilty sex life as a teenage boy and my surgery and she told me about her struggles with sexuality and of being labelled within that. It felt like an honest exchange between two people who were coming to terms with who they were. So I invited her back to my house, not sure what to expect.

After I’d poured us more wine, she launched into “foreplay” without warning. She was really rough with me, tearing my clothes off, pushing me onto uncomfortable surfaces and rubbing my clit way too hard. I was so shocked by her sudden change of demeanor that I let it happen for a few minutes before asking her what the fuck she was doing. She apologized said she didn’t know what I liked and encouraged me to continue exploring with her. She said she’d go slower. I was so hungry for experience that I ignored the warning signs my body was giving me.

We drank some more wine and started touching each other gently for a while, which was nice. It was really nice to be touched by someone in the spots that you’d imagined for so long. Then she went down on me, but it wasn’t considerate or gentle, it was rough and excessive, as though she was just trying to make me wet for the sake of it. She pulled a strap-on out of her bag and before I had time to comprehend what was about to happen, she was fucking me hard and heartlessly. I felt truly empty. I didn’t resist her, because in that moment, I thought it was my fault—that I’d made a mistake with my own identity. I lay there wondering whether I was really a woman. Did I go through all this pain for nothing? Is this really what it feels like?

I didn’t know if it didn’t feel right just because I didn’t like it, or if it didn’t feel right because my body was different now. I felt as though I couldn’t trust my own instincts anymore. I started to cry. She saw my tears and stopped, pulled her strap-on out of me and said: “I thought that’s what you wanted.” Then she redressed and left, without so much as a hug or a goodbye. It’s an experience I’ll never forget. For months afterwards, I didn’t feel confident to have sex with anyone.

Now, I have a partner and we have a healthy sex life. I am happy, I feel completely myself and I hardly ever think about that night anymore. I know now that the way that I felt was valid and not unusual for someone that had been through so much change at such a young age. I think it’s really important to be careful who you choose to let into your world and to remember that the way people act towards you isn’t always a reflection of who you are.

Watch: Inside Colombia's Beauty Pageant for Indigenous Trans Women

Kaitlyn is 25 years old

I met Grace on Tinder and we’d been going on dates for a month or so before we had sex. Our first sexual experience together was my first post–surgery and first ever. I’d never had sex before. I’d never been kissed before. At the time, Grace identified as male. For us it was really wholesome, we got to figure out what we both liked from the very beginning. I’d had conflicting feelings about my gender for years, but I only started taking hormones two years before the surgery, when I was 20.

After going on hormones, I generally became more interested in relationships. I started looking in the mirror, and recognizing my reflection, liking what I saw and wanting the progression to unfold naturally. I’d never really been attracted to anyone before, nor had I been curious what I was attracted to. I’d never sought out sexual experiences because I didn’t want to bother, unless I truly felt like me. My relationship with my genitals was disconnected. My penis was present, but not useful or desired. I felt ambivalent towards it. But once I’d had the surgery, I was on completely new grounds with sex. I was excited to try it, because from everything I’d heard, it was great. I like to throw myself deep into the unknown as I find it leaves less room for overthinking, worrying what could go wrong, or imagining scenarios that could end up disappointing you in real life. So, Grace and I just dived in.

I’m not a particularly sexual person generally, but I really enjoyed it. It felt very normal in a way that was unusual and new. For me, being able to do penetrative sex is incredibly affirming, as it allows a sexual experience that is in line with the norms of my gender instead of outside them. For it to be the within my gender norms, for my first time ever having sex, it was an enjoyable novelty. Having a vagina gave me the power to not pretend anything away. Once you have that feeling, it’s extremely liberating. Sex post–op can be scary, but not as scary as you think it is. It’s a huge relief. Grace asked me once “When I have sex reassignment surgery, is it going to feel like me?” and I think that’s a question that a lot of trans people have before surgery. I can tell you, that when a nurse is cleaning your clitoris with an alcohol soaked Q-Tip, eight days after you’ve had surgery, it feels like you. It feels like you’re in pain, but it’s really you.

Interviews by Laura Roscioli

*These people requested pseudonyms.

This article originally appeared on VICE AU.

wj3kaqLaura RoscioliJulian MorgansAustraliagender reassignmentsrsLGBTIQtransitioninggender affirmation surgerySEX
<![CDATA[Slow Your Roll and Chew Your Food]]>, 18 Dec 2018 11:30:00 +0000Ever heard of Horace Fletcher? He was a health food enthusiast of the Victorian-era who argued that food should be chewed about 100 times before being swallowed. "Nature will castigate those who don't masticate" was his motto and it was his firm belief that food had to be chewed to a pulp to enable the enzymes in saliva to do their thing. The Great Masticator’s beliefs on the importance of eating slowly actually made him millionaire and, 99 years after his death, a wealth of research suggests that he was onto something. Here’s what making a point of not inhaling your food could do for you.

Eating slowly could improve your digestion

Horace Fletcher and physiologist Ivan Pavlov were born in the same year, 1849. Through their work, both knew that as soon as humans or their four-legged friends see, smell, or even think about food they begin salivating to prepare for putting that food in their mouths. Famously, Pavlov was studying conditioning whereas Fletcher’s interests lay solely in the digestion of food and how to optimize it.

Fletcher knew that digestion begins in the mouth where enzyme-containing saliva gets a jump on breaking food down. He saw this as the first step in a chain reaction that would lead to the stomach producing more acid, the small intestine readying itself for some peristalsis and so on. He also knew that if the process is rushed, the GI tract has difficulty dealing with the influx.

A 2011 University of Rhode Island study looked at how eating speed affected the early stages of digestive processing by observing 60 young adults eat a meal. They found that slow eaters consumed two ounces of food per minute while fast eaters ate 3.1 ounces per minute, took larger bites, and chewed less before swallowing. That meant that fast eaters’ food was sailing down their alimentary canals in lumps and not as chyme. Chyme is a liquid mix of partially digested food, hydrochloric acid, digestive enzymes, and water that passes through the pyloric valve on its way to elimination.

Food that isn’t properly broken down into chyme can lead to indigestion and other potential GI problems. “When we eat quickly, two things are taking place: First, we're not fully chewing our food, and secondly, we are taking in more air when swallowing quickly. This can cause bloating, distention and discomfort,” says Niket Sonpal, New York City-based gastroenterologist and professor of clinical medicine at Touro College.

It will also help you taste your food

Another benefit of eating more slowly is that you will taste your food more. Prolonging the time it takes you to eat a meal will enable you to experience more of the flavors, textures, and aromas of the food on your plate. In essence, eating will become more interesting.

Watch: The Food Porn Superstars of South Korea: Mukbang

“By slowing down you actually taste and enjoy your food,” says New York-based registered dietician Amy Shapiro. “This often means you are not preoccupied by outside elements as well and therefore you are more satisfied with your food because you are being mindful, enjoying the experience, taste, texture, and company.”

Researchers from the University of Chicago and Ohio State University put this idea to the test and challenged study participants to consume unexciting foods in novel ways. They found that people consistently rated their experiences as more enjoyable when they slowed their roll or otherwise changed things up.

In one part of the study, participants were given ten kernels of popcorn. Some were asked to eat with chopsticks, while others could eat with their hands. The researchers found that those who used chopsticks reported a more intense and focused eating experience. “When you eat popcorn with chopsticks, you pay more attention and you are more immersed in the experience,” Ohio State assistant professor of marketing Rob Smith, one of the study's authors, told OSU’s press office. “It’s like eating popcorn for the first time.”

You’ll feel fuller faster

Eating too fast may result in us not feeling as full as we should, says New York-based nutritionist Stephanie Di Figlia-Peck. “We often fall victim to this when we get overly hungry, or are very distracted,” Sonpal says. It takes about 15 or 20 minutes for us to feel full once we have started eating. “Most can pack on the calories before the brain gets the ‘I am full’ message, and the resulting response that it is time to stop eating.”

Another University of Rhode Island study looked at what happens to portion size when people are encouraged to eat quickly or slowly. On two occasions they invited 30 normal-weight women to eat a giant bowl of pasta to until they were comfortably full. On the first visit, they told the volunteers to eat as quickly as possible but on the second visit, they were instructed to eat slowly and put down their utensils between bites. Researchers found that when eating quickly, the women consumed 646 calories in 9 minutes. When eating slowly, the women consumed 579 calories in 29 minutes. That’s a difference of 67 calories which, as another study demonstrated, can really make a difference over time.

A five-year study that looked at the eating habits of 60,000 people with type 2 diabetes in Japan found that eating speed was a reliable predictor of obesity. Compared to people who described themselves as fast eaters, researchers found that those who said they ate at a normal speed were 29 percent less likely to be obese while people who identified as being slow eaters were 42 percent less likely to be obese.

This article originally appeared on Tonic.

kzvp9nGrant StoddardRajul PunjabiFOODeatingresearchgerdEat Thisobesitydigestionacid refluxchewing food
<![CDATA[Teens are Vaping More Than Ever. But They're Using Other Drugs Way Less]]>, 18 Dec 2018 10:45:00 +0000More teens are vaping than ever before, according to the government’s annual drug use survey. It’s a “dramatic increase” in use rates over the last year.

Of high school seniors, 37.3 percent reported they'd vaped in the last year — a near 10 percent jump from last year’s survey by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. That’s the single largest jump in usage rates of any drug in a single year — even more than during the height of marijuana use in the 1970s. Teens are also vaping more frequently, according to the survey, which includes 8th, 10th, and 12th-grade students. Reported use of nicotine vaping 30 days prior to the survey nearly doubled this year, from 11 percent to 20.9 percent.

But it’s not all bad news. Tobacco use is at its lowest since the National Institute on Drug Abuse began monitoring teen drug use. Only 3.6 percent of high school seniors reported daily smoking compared to 22.4 percent two decades ago, according to the survey. Opioid use also dropped almost a percent since last year, “a significant change,” according to the researchers who conducted the survey. Heroin use, in particular, remains very low among surveyed students. (Only 0.4 percent of seniors reported use in the last year.)

Watch: Here’s What Happened When Prisoners Started Vaping

Still, researchers are concerned that vaping can lead to more drug use and that some teens may be developing nicotine dependencies without even realizing. More than a quarter of teens surveyed said they vaped “just flavoring” in the past year, but Juul — by far the most popular vaping brand — doesn't offer nicotine-free options. The FDA said in September that it was considering a ban on flavored e-cigarettes due to an “epidemic” of increased use by children and teens.

“Research tells us that teens who vape may be at risk for transitioning to regular cigarettes, so while we have celebrated our success in lowering their rates of tobacco use in recent years, we must continue aggressive educational efforts on all products containing nicotine,” said Nora D. Volkow, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, in a statement.

Otherwise, the number of teens using “illicit drugs," such as cocaine and MDMA, is at a historic low, according to the survey. Marijuana use, however, remains steady: Daily use of marijuana has ranged between 5 and 6.6 percent in the last 20 years. More surveyed teens reported daily smoking of marijuana than daily cigarette smoking.

This article originally appeared on VICE News.

xwjkv4Rex SantusVICE NewsMARIJUANADrugsHEROINcocainereportvapingnicotineNational Institute on Drug Abusejuuling
<![CDATA[The Forgotten Victims of the Fukushima Nuclear Disaster]]>, 18 Dec 2018 10:15:00 +0000In Fukushima, nearly 100,000 people still live in temporary housing the size of a western bathroom, radiation levels are as high as 3 millisieverts, risk of cancer in infants has increased dramatically, and the only hope for improvement lies within the hands of the government and powerplant owners TEPCO.

This documentary ventures into the off-limits exclusion zone to hear exclusive first-hand accounts from survivors and learn how these displaced people – for whom the memory of the disaster has not faded, still wait.

8xpb3gVICE StaffStaff Vicejapanvideowardisasternuclear bombWorld War II