This article originally appeared on VICE Spain.
On Sunday, October 1, an estimated 2.26 million Catalans voted in the region's independence referendum. Although the Spanish government in Madrid stated the referendum was unconstitutional and a Spanish court agreed with that claim, the Catalan government didn't back down, and voters still lined up at polling stations—some as early as 5 AM, four hours before the polls opened.
At a few polling stations, Spanish police actively tried to stop votes from being cast—by raiding and sealing some, and by using violence at others; you might have seen the footage of riot police using batons on protesters, and drop-kicking and dragging voters by their hair. So far, 844 people and 33 police officers have been treated for their injuries.
According to voting officials, 90 percent of the 2.26 million votes were cast in favor of Catalan independence, while 770,000 ballots are said to have been lost in police raids.
Barcelona-based photographer Mònica Figueras walked around her city all day on Sunday, documenting what she saw.