On Monday, a U.N. fact-finding mission released a damning report accusing Myanmar security forces of genocide, including allegations that they killed people indiscriminately, gang-raped women, assaulted children, and burned entire villages.
These are the most serious charges the U.N. can make against a government. But it's unclear what the new report will mean for the estimated 1 million refugees now living in camps in Bangladesh.
The camps became the world’s largest settlement of its kind less than a year ago, when Myanmar’s military launched the brutal crackdown, forcing hundreds of thousands of Rohingya to flee the northern Rakhine state in a matter of weeks.
Officials from the U.N., Myanmar and Bangladesh all agree that the Rohingya should eventually be returned to their homes. But until their safety is guaranteed — and long-term peace is assured — it’s unlikely they will be able to go back.
That day, should it come, looks very far away. Myanmar authorities have denied almost all accusations, refusing to cooperate with international investigators and human rights organizations. The U.N. team behind Monday’s report, as well the U.N. special rapporteur on human rights in Myanmar, have all been barred from entering the country at all.
But VICE News was granted rare access on a recent, organized trip to northern Rakhine State, where much of the violence happened. Here's what we found.
This segment originally aired August 27, 2018 on VICE News Tonight on HBO.