football and trade fairs: together at last
The Inter-Cities Fairs Cup: European Football's Strange and Forgotten Grandfather
The forerunner of the Europa League, the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup was a three-year slog that teams could only enter if their home city hosted an international trade fair. Nevertheless, it played a key role in developing European club football.
the intertoto route
The Intertoto Cup: European Soccer's Great White Elephant
The Intertoto Cup had no final, no trophy and no winner. So how exactly did the competition survive for almost half a century?