The album had a disclaimer in the description section stating that the video is exempt from copyright laws under the Fair Use doctrine, which states that people are allowed to use copyrighted materials for free for select purposes, including non-profit and educational purposes. Whether or not something is Fair Use is determined based on four factors: the purpose of the use, the nature of the original copyrighted work, the amount of the work used in proportion to its whole, and the effect of the new work on the market it belongs to. The Fair Use argument is what many AI music creators are using to defend their work, stating that they are not profiting off of the music and instead, are either parodying the song or making songs for educational purposes. “The fan and consumer experience as it relates to music is bigger than the music itself. Fandom is created through experience, concept and the personal relationships that fans have with their favorite artists,” Fowlkes said. “Still, it's important that artists have control over their art.” Because AI is so new, Fowlkes said there is still no concrete definition or criteria that have determined what exactly about an AI song infringes copyright.
“The way AI is trained feels like a major hurdle for any argument against copyright infringement”
“Personally, I think songs created with AI should be tagged, but not deleted. They are not harmful, but rather expand the boundaries of creativity,” Wonderson said. “Thousands of people around the world are creating entirely new songs and albums using the voices of their favorite artists, and millions of people are enjoying listening to them. The release of a Travis Scott-inspired AI album will not make his songs any less popular, but rather the opposite.” AI music has been accused of accelerating cultural appropriation and racism, largely because some of the most viral AI songs use the voices of black rappers including Kanye West and Drake. In fact, twenty-seven of the thirty-two AI artist models are black artists. These artists speak from their own cultural and racial perspectives, and AI can use their voices to say things that portray them in stereotypical ways. Also, these are already marginalized people within a white-dominated industry, facing the possibility of the further removal of credit, compensation, and other recognition for their art. “This opens an even bigger issue because more times than not, these examples of AI-generated songs on the internet are creating Black music without using the Black people that created it,” Noah A. McGee wrote on The Root. “Non-Black people who are sitting at home behind a computer can do the same thing by creating a song that sounds like it was created by their favorite rapper, but not deal with the consequences of stealing their likeness.” “It’s another way for people who are not Black to put on the costume of a Black person—to put their hands up Kanye or Drake and make him a puppet—and that is alarming to me,” Lauren Chanel, a writer on tech and culture, told The New York Times. “This is just another example in a long line of people underestimating what it takes to create the type of art that, historically, Black people make.”“I'm not really concerned unless it’s something along the lines of saying racial slurs that you aren't necessarily allowed to say through the AI, or trying to something to get an artist in trouble. As the server grew I feel it has become a way for anyone to express creativity if they don't like their [own] voice, or if they are a big fan of an artist,” Qo told Motherboard. “99% of AI covers/original songs are just to experiment with music and pay homage to artists people enjoy. Nothing has been done with any ill-intent to paint an artist in a bad light or appropriate music and we are hopeful that it will remain this way.” In the end, Wonderson said, AI is just a tool. Right now, an AI model cannot spit out a #1 hit single, fully formed. "There is no magic button to ‘create a beautiful song’ or ‘create a groovy beat.’ It is possible that such a feature will appear in the future, but at the moment it is not available,” Wonderson told Motherboard. “Even if you use the AI to create a record in the style of some artist using a replica of their voice, you still have to write the beat or use a beat written by a human. You also have to write the lyrics, record, and perform the vocal.”
"There is no magic button to ‘create a beautiful song’”