The Mali peacekeeping mission is an increasingly dangerous one, with 64 peacekeepers killed on active service since it began.
Along with UN peacekeepers, there are thousands of French soldiers fighting Islamists in Africa — and now tensions are emerging with the local population.
Malian citizen Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi will appear at a hearing on Tuesday to determine whether he will become the first person to be charged at the International Criminal Court with destroying cultural artifacts.
The death toll, number of attackers, and group responsible remain unconfirmed, but chilling details about the rampage and the story of a heroic effort to rescue hostages have emerged.
In the first case of its kind, the International Criminal Court arrested a Malian rebel accused of attacking historic religious monuments in the ancient city of Timbuktu.
Mali’s capital Bamako used to be considered safe, but a recent wave of attacks has led to a redoubling of counter-terrorism efforts in the country's south.
The attack lasted three hours, and the insurgents left the town after torching two army vehicles and hoisting their black flag over the camp.
Abdelkrim al-Targui, a high-ranking member of al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, was held responsible for the kidnapping and killing of several French hostages.
According to Human Rights Watch, the latest victim of the upsurge in violent crime is Central Mali, where a group known as the Macina Liberation Movement has been carrying out attacks against civilians and soldiers.
A large crowd hurled stones and Molotov cocktails at UN peacekeepers in northern Mali, where a dispute over the UN's response to the Tuareg insurgency has raised tensions.
Nine UN peacekeepers were killed early Friday morning during a brazen ambush carried out by suspected al Qaeda-linked militants in Mali near the border with Niger.