Kurdish forces repelled an Islamic State assault on the city of Tal Abyad that was launched just hours after a "cessation of hostilities" began in Syria.
VICE News meets the refugees and activists driven out of Tal Abyad, who describe their new life in Turkey, as well as their fears for the future.
The Syrian border town will now be self-administered, but part of the canton, or province, of Kobane around 40 miles to the west, in a move that's likely to fuel Turkish concerns of Kurdish expansion.
VICE News was in the Syrian city of Hasakah, as the final clean-up operation to remove Islamic State fighters got underway, and we were taken on a grim tour of demolished houses and rotting jihadists.
The Islamic State has suffered recent setbacks, but there is no actor in Syria more vulnerable to the group than Assad's regime. Elsewhere it continues to carry out grisly acts against soft targets.
Witness and victim testimony obtained by VICE News indicates the militants targeted civilians in a surprise attack on the Syrian border city.
Kurdish forces and allied rebels have advanced even further on the Islamic State, capturing a military base and a town close to Raqqa, the capital of the jihadists' self-proclaimed caliphate.
The capture of Tal Abyad is a major blow to the Islamic State, cutting off a key supply line — but Turkey is getting worried about the growing strength of the Kurds in the border region.
Kurdish fighters aided by Syrian rebels have reportedly retaken most of Tal Abyad, a strategically important town near the Turkish border.