Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud said 200 Kenyan soldiers were killed in the raid earlier this year. The Kenyan government denied this tally and has refused to release its own figures.
A draft report being prepared by the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights documents grave violations committed by security agencies against innocent civilians in the war with al Shabaab.
As the US president prepares to travel to his father’s homeland, human rights advocates worry that Obama risks legitimizing Kenya’s unscrupulous war on terror.
An assault on a Kenyan military base by the Somali militant group left two soldiers and 11 al Shabaab fighters dead, including two that were reportedly Caucasian.
There are conflicting reports on the number of police casualties in the attack; militants say they killed 25, the police say zero.
John Kerry became the first US Secretary of State to officially visit Somalia as the US said it planned to post an ambassador to Mogadishu.
Authorities have been criticized for failing to sufficiently step up security at Garissa University, where at least 147 students were killed by al Shabaab militants, despite evidence they knew of the threat.
The Somali militant group has claimed responsibility for the attack, and said the shooters released the Muslim students before killing "many" Christians.