In August 2015, photographer Jörg Brüggemann traveled to the Greek island of Kos to document the interactions between refugees and vacationers there.
Thousands drowned and almost a million claimed asylum, while politicians fought bitterly and erected razor wire fences. We look back at the refugee crisis which engulfed Europe in 2015.
"What I saw has left a terrible impression that keeps me awake at night," says Nilüfer Demir.
Staff on board the ship processed 300 migrants Sunday, as tensions on the Greek holiday island mount over a recent influx of refugees.
Italian navy rescuers pulled 320 migrants from a smuggling boat on the Mediterranean, but they say at least 40 people suffocated to death on the sinking vessel.
About 1,000 people queued for hours on Wednesday to register with overwhelmed Greek authorities inside the stadium and for the second day fire extinguishers were used to control the jostling crowd.
The 40,000 figure comprises of mostly Syrian and Eritrean refugees, and was decided on at a meeting in Brussels after some 900 people died in the Mediterranean's largest disaster this year.
In this excerpt, VICE News interviews the mayor of Kos and a government representative, where neither can agree on who should be responsible for meeting migrants' basic needs as they arrive on the Greek island.
The Greek island of Kos is a popular vacation hotspot, but thousands of migrants and refugees are also stranded there in terrible conditions. VICE News visited the island in June.