The authorities have used drugs as a pretext and justification for ultra-violence against Black people for over a century.
The ruling that Charles' death was "accidental" will add to concerns that the police act with impunity.
Many of the year's biggest stories exposed ongoing discrimination in British society.
Following the deaths of Rashan Charles and Edson Da Costa, Met police officers have been issued new advice: to not try to prevent suspects from swallowing wraps.
The policeman is being investigated for "gross misconduct", but history shows us this kind of thing rarely leads to any serious action.
There is still confusion as to why Rashan Charles swallowed a wrap containing caffeine and Paracetamol.
Why so many cases against police violence fail.
Photos from the scene.
The authorities' record when it comes to deaths in custody speaks for itself.
We followed yesterday's march from Stoke Newington police station to the scene of the 20-year-old's arrest.